The purpose of this studio is to understand and evaluate the transformation of spaces /before/then/after/ Han Shin Awaji Earthquake Disaster in 1995. After twenty years, how we can evaluate the recovery, is the question underlying the theme of the studio. During the studio, students are expected to analyze and evaluate recovery process using different scales, from urban engineering scale to architecture scale. It is also expected to develop it as political or designing proposal for contemporary Han Shin Awaji.
Team 1 focused on providing system of public restoration housings. Because of lack of sites inside the city for new public restoration housing constructions, government revised the law of public housings to allow municipally subsidized rental housing system. It was efficient to provide houses inside the city with low initial investment. However, the contract period which is 20 years of the rental housings will be over. It is becoming a big problem especially for low income elder people, who are difficult to move out and live by their own. To conclude this problem, this team proposed a new providing system of public restoration housings. They proposed to provide housings in 2 different phases. The first one is ‘Hub Housing’ which is municipally subsidized housings, and the second one is ‘Terminal Housing’ which is provided 4-5 years after the disaster. The dwellers will move from Hub Housing to Terminal Housing when they are able to move such as when they get married or when they are retired etc. So that after 20 years, Terminal Housing would be turn back to private housings.
Team 2 focused on regeneration of retail complexes in Shin-Nagata area. Shin-Nagata area is an old high density wooden housing area, where most of the area was burnt by the fire at Han Shin Awaji Earthquake. After the disaster, there were redevelopment projects done by Kobe City which constructed 44 high-rise and mid-rise buildings, and the project divided the area into redeveloped and underdevelopped area. In addition, the area became declined especially after 2000, and there became many vacant shops. The team tried to solve these problems by designing a system and spaces to call in especially young people from outside the city. They also proposed activities occurring in the area. The activities are small at the beginning such as manufacturing by local artisans but they gradually grow to be a college for example after 50 years.
'Time Limited Usage of Space, During the Recovery Process', Team 3
Team 3 focused on time limited usage of spaces, during the recovery process. After the disaster, lands in different phases and for different purposes are needed. For example, temporary evacuation shelters were needed soon after the disaster and be reduced to half in a week. Construction of temporary housings were started a week after the disaster and it took 5 years to close all of them (see Fig.4). Focusing on locations of these facilities, many temporary evacuation shelters were using schools inside the city so that victims can be stay in the area they used to live. On the other hand, temporary housings were located both inside and outside the city to obtain larger public land to construct many houses at once, so people had to move out from their community. The team proposed followings, 1) construct a system for re-build and renovation of damaged houses, 2) make an agreement about the use of private lands after the disaster, 3) build assistance program for reinforcement of existing houses. These would be reducing the demand of temporary housings and help victims to live in their community continuously.